Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc. v. Reavis
The Reavis family was involved in a violent car accident in their Lexus, which resulted in the parents being propelled into the back seat, where they crashed into their small children, who suffered skull fractures and traumatic brain injuries as a result. The family sued Toyota, asserting design and marketing defects. Even though the vehicle complied with all applicable safety standards, the jury found against Toyota, awarding $242 million in damages, including $144 million in exemplary damages. Toyota appealed.