Mississippi Silicon (“MSH”), a manufacturer, was tricked into paying approximately $1 million to a cybercriminal, believing that it was in fact paying one of its regular vendors.  MSH sought reimbursement under the “Computer Transfer Fraud” provision of an insurance policy, and the Fifth Circuit affirmed the district court’s conclusion that there was no coverage.

The provision said: “The insurer will pay for loss of . . . Covered Property resulting directly from Computer Transfer Fraud that causes the transfer, payment, or delivery of Covered Property from the Premises or Transfer Account to a person, place, or account beyond the Insured Entity’s control, without the Insured Entity’s knowledge or consent.”

But here: “Coverage under the Computer Transfer Fraud provision is available only when a computer-based fraud scheme causes a transfer of funds without the Insured’s knowledge or consent. Here, three MSH employees affirmatively authorized the transfer; it therefore cannot be said that the fraud caused a transfer without the
company’s knowledge. … [T]he agreement plainly limits coverage to instances in which the transfer is made without knowledge or consent.” 

Mississippi Silicon Holdings v. Axis Ins. Co., No. 20-60215 (Feb. 4, 2021) (all emphasis in original).

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